Introduction to C-Programming in Hindi

Introduction to C-Programming in Hindi

We all have heard that C has become obsolete and applications of C programming are decreasing day by day. But, it is a myth!

C is regarded as one of the oldest languages widely used all over the world. The knowledge of programming is incomplete without the incorporation of the C language.

Our C Programming tutorial in Hindi is designed to help beginners to understand and learn more about C Language.

Who developed C Language?

C is a general-purpose programming language that is developed by Dennis Richie in1972 in Bell laboratory.

What is the C programming language?

C is the most widely known programming language as it is simple and flexible. It is also machine-independent, a structured programming language that is used extensively in various applications.

It can be defined in the following ways:

  1. C is the Mother of all Programming languages!

Because…

  • Most of the compilers, JVMs, Kernels, etc. are written in the C language
  • C++, Java, C#, and many other programming languages follow C syntax.
  • Helps in understanding the core concepts like the array, strings, functions, file handling, etc
  1. System programming language
    Because :
  • The system programming language is used to create hardware OS, kernels ( eg: the Linux kernel is written in C. ), etc.
  • The system programming language is not useful for internet programming like Java, .Net, PHP, etc.
  1. Procedure-oriented programming language

Because :

  • Specifies a procedure for the program to solve the problem.
  1. Structured programming language
    Because: 
  • It helps in breaking the program into parts or blocks so that it may be easy to understand.
  1. Mid-level programming language
    Because: 
  •  C is a mid-level language because it supports both low-level( i.e pointer arithmetic)  and high-level languages (i.e. machine independent ).

Prerequisite to learn C programming in Hindi

  • Before learning C Programming Hindi, you must have a basic knowledge of Computer Fundamental.

Why Learn C Programming in Hindi?

C programming in Hindi has benefited most of the rural students to become great Software Engineer.

I will list down some of the key advantages of learning C Programming in Hindi :

  • Easy to learn.
  • Structured language.
  • It produces efficient programs.
  • It can handle low-level activities.

Applications of C Programming:

  • Operating Systems: UNIX is the first operating system, which was designed in the C programming language.
  • Embedded Systems: Embedded systems are closely related to machine hardware, scripting embedded application in a c programming language is an optimum choice.
  • GUI: GUI stands for Graphical User Interface. One of the most popularly used photo editors since the olden time is  Adobe Photoshop. This was created with the help of C.
  • Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird: Since Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird were open-source email client projects, they were written in C/C++.
  • MySQL: MySQL is an open-source  Database Management Systems was written in C/C++.
  • Gaming and Animation: C is comparatively faster than Java or Python it finds several applications in the gaming sector. For Eg: Tic-Tac-Toe, The Snake game, etc.

Features of C Programming language:

Simple

  • C is a simple language that helps in breaking the problem into parts,  and it has a set of rich library functions, data types, etc.

Machine Independent

  • C programs can be executed on different computer systems with some machine-specific changes.

Rich Library

  • C provides a lot of inbuilt functions that help in reducing the development time and helps in optimizing the performance.

Memory Management

  • Dynamic memory allocation i.e we can free the allocated memory at any time by calling the free() function.

Speed

  • Due to the lesser inbuilt functions, the compilation and execution time of the C language is fast.

Pointer

  • C provides the feature of pointers that helps in interacting with memory directly.

Recursion

  • Recursion is a process of repeating items in a similar way i.e function to call itself.

Extensible

  • C language can easily adopt new features.

Facts about C

  • C was not called C at the beginning. It has been named C after passing many stages of evolution ( ALGO -> BCPL -> B -> Tradition C -> K&R C -> ANSI C -> ANSI/ISO C -> C99).
  • C is the oldest programming language that is the most widely used and popular System Programming Language to date.
  • C18 is the latest version which was released in June 2018.
  • It is the most basic programming language, which is why almost 95% of the world’s developers started their career in C programming.
  • C supports 45 operators & they are categorized into 8 different groups.
  • The kernel is the most famous operating system Linux is written in C.

Last But Not The Least…

How to Install C?

Turbo C++ is a widely used compiler to download.
To install the Turbo C software follow the below steps:

  1. Download Turbo C++
  2. Create turbo directory inside c drive and extract the tc3.zip inside c:\turboc
  3. Double click on the install.exe file.
  4. Click on the tc application which is inside c:\TC\BIN to write the c program.

Wrapping it up…

If you are a Fresher and willing to learn c programming in vernacular language, here is an opportunity to get started with C Programming in Hindi for free.

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